Archive for July, 2011

Possible Reasons for LAN Traffic Congestion

Saturday, July 30th, 2011

If you are experiencing slowness on your LAN here are some possible reasons that you can investigate:


Useful FTOS “show” commands

Wednesday, July 20th, 2011

There are several FTOS “show” commands that can provide very useful information regarding Force10 Networks switches/routers. I have outlined a number of these very useful commands with a short description of each below. However, keep in mind that although most of the commands I reference below are available on all Force10 platforms some of the commands may only pertain to specific Force10 platforms such as the C-Series or E-Series. (more…)


Use Perl’s regex to count the # of words in a file

Sunday, July 17th, 2011

In the below code I use Perl’s regex capabilites to count the # of words in a file. Notice I used “\s” in the regex expression to account for not only spaces but also tab and new line characters. In addition, it is important to account for whitespace characters at the start of a sentence, because the “split” function would end up counting the starting whitespace as a valid entry. (more…)


Port Monitoring on Force10 Switches

Friday, July 15th, 2011

In this lab I will demonstrate how to do port monitoring on Force10 switches and capture the packets using a network protocol analyzer (Wireshark in this case). Port monitoring allows the copying of all incoming/outgoing packets on a specific port to be mirrored/forwarded to another port where a network protocol analyzer is attached to analyze the traffic. Port monitoring is sometimes also referred to as packet sniffing, and, as you have probably guessed, packet sniffing can be used for malicious purposes. For the majority though port monitoring or packet sniffing is used for a variety of troubleshooting, security, and reporting tasks. (more…)


Scalar and List Contexts in Perl

Wednesday, July 13th, 2011

One of the most important concepts to understand in Perl programming is that of evaluation based on context. In Perl, an operation such as an assignment or function call can give two different results based on the context of the expression. You see, in Perl, every operation behavior depends on the context in which it is called. A classic example is when using the “localtime” function. In a scalar context, the “localtime” function returns the current date and time. However, in a list context the function returns a nine-element list as shown below. (more…)


Setup VRRP with Force10 Switches

Tuesday, July 12th, 2011

In this lab I setup Force10 switches with Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP). VRRP is a redundancy protocol used to eliminate a single point of failure between a gateway and its respective hosts within the same subnet. I use three different Force10 switches: E1200 [FTOS], S60 [FTOS], and S55 [FTOS]. Below is a diagram of the network and the commands I used to configure VRRP. (more…)


Unix shell script – convert Mac ASCII file to Unix ASCII file

Sunday, July 10th, 2011

With some applications like Microsoft Word you can save a file in ASCII format. However, for new lines Macs use a carriage return (ASCII character 015) while Unix uses a linefeed (ASCII character 012). If you save the file as ASCII on a Mac and open the file up in Unix it will look like one very long paragraph. Just to be complete, I will mention that Microsoft Windows uses a carriage return + linefeed combination between lines of text. Below is a shell script that will take a number of file inputs in Unix and convert the Mac files to the correct Unix format. The original file will be overwritten. At the command prompt you would enter the command as “mactounix [macfile 1] [macfile 2] [macfile 3]” etc… The is assuming you save the code to a file called mactounix and made it executable (chmod +x mactounix). (more…)